Obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition where you have recurring obsessions, compulsions, or both.
It is most commonly characterized by a subject’s obsessive, distressing, intrusive thoughts and related compulsions which attempt to neutralize the obsessions.
People with obsessive compulsive may be plagued by persistent, unwelcome thoughts or images, or by the urgent need to engage in certain rituals. They may be obsessed with germs or dirt, and wash their hands over and over.
Obsessions are ideas, images and impulses that run through the person’s mind over and over again.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder often begins in adolescence or early adulthood, but can also first occur in childhood. Several medicines are available to treat obsessive compulsive disorder.
These medicines include: clomipramine, fluoxetine, paroxetine and fluvoxamine. These drugs can cause side effects such as dry mouth, nausea and drowsiness.
A person who has obsessive compulsive disorder may not have enough serotonin.
This disorder tends to occur in families and thus may have a genetic component.
People with obsessive compulsive disorder are usually aware that their compulsions and obsessions are irrational or excessive. However, just knowing is not enough to stop the obsessions and compulsions and treatment is needed.
Obsessive compulsive tends to run in families. Research suggests that multiple genes are involved, or it may be due to copying the obsessive compulsive disorder behaviour of another family member.
Personality type may also be a factor.
The outlook for people with obsessive-compulsive disorder tends to be better than that for other personality disorders. Medications in combination with talk therapy may be more effective than either treatment alone.
Causes of Obsessive compulsive
The common causes and risk factor’s of Obsessive compulsive:
- A combination of factors.
- Lack of the brain chemical serotonin.
- Puberty also appears to trigger the disorder in some people.
- A stressful event or trauma seems to trigger the condition in some people.
- Personality type may also be a factor.
Symptoms of Obsessive compulsive
Some sign and symptom related to Obsessive Compulsive are as follows:
- Shortness of breath.
- Racing heart.
- Trembling or shaking.
- Hair loss or bald spots because of hair pulling.
- Lack of generosity.
Treatment of Obsessive compulsive
- Cognitive behavioral therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder involves helping patients to change their ideas or thought patterns related to obsessive thoughts and compulsions.
- In most cases antidepressant therapy alone will only provide a partial reduction in symptoms, even in cases that are not deemed treatment resistant.
- Psychotherapy can also help in some cases, while not one of the leading treatments.
- Medications as treatment include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as paroxetine, sertraline, fluoxetine, and fluvoxamine as well as the tricyclic antidepressants, in particular.