Teen depression is a disorder occurring during the teenage years marked by persistent sadness, discouragement, loss of self-worth, and loss of interest in usual activities.
Children under stress, who experience loss, or who have attentional, learning, conduct or anxiety disorders are at a higher risk for depression. Teenage girls are at especially high risk, as are minority youth.
Depression is very common and affects as many as one in eight people in their teen years.
Depression affects people of every color, race, economic status, or age; however, it does seem to affect more females than males during adolescence and adulthood. In younger children, depression may present as morbid preoccupation with death and dying.
The child may exhibit extreme fear of being separated from a parent or parents and lose interest in participating in games with other children. Depression also tends to be more common in adolescents who have a history of depression in their families. Depression is also associated with eating disorders, particularly bulimia.
Chemical imbalance is another biological factor that can lead to a depressive disorder.
Many factors play a role including genetics, environment, medical conditions, life events, and certain thinking patterns that affect a person’s reaction to events.
It is important to remember that the behavior of depressed children and teenagers may differ from the behavior of depressed adults.
Social conditions like poverty, homelessness, and community violence can make it more likely for people to become depressed.
Certain medical conditions can affect hormone balance and therefore have an effect on mood. Some conditions, such as hypothyroidism, are known to cause a depressed mood in some people.
For some people, depression can be intense and occur in bouts that last for weeks at a time.
For others, depression can be less severe but can linger at a low level for years. Treatment options for adolescents with depression are similar to those for depressed adults, and include psychotherapy and antidepressant medications.
Causes of Teen depression
The common causes and risk factor’s of Teen depression:
- Life events.
- Certain thinking patterns that affect a person’s reaction to events.
- Substance abuse.
- Allergies to foods such as wheat, sugar, and milk cause.
Symptoms of Teen depression
Some sign and symptom related to Teen depression are as follows:
- Anger, rage, anxiety.
- Inability to enjoy things that used to bring pleasure.
- Inability to concentrate.
- Significant weight loss or gain.
- Lack of energy and feeling tired all the time.
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness.
Treatment of Teen depression
- Talk therapy with a mental health professional is very effective in treating depression.
- Sometimes medicine may be prescribed for a person who has depression. Medicines can take a few weeks before the person feels the medicine working.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on the causes of the depression and helps change negative thought patterns.
- Physical exercise is helpful in lifting depression, as it causes the brain’s chemistry to create more endorphins and serotonin, which change mood.
- Hospitalization may be necessary in situations where a teen needs constant observation and care to prevent self-destructive behavior.