Clinical depression also know as major depression, is a serious medical illness. This type of depression normally goes away after a couple of weeks; but sometimes it persists. It can last for periods of six months or more, and then it is classified as clinical depression. Without treatment, symptoms of clinical depression can last for weeks, months, or years. Clinical depression is generally acknowledged to be more serious than normal depressed feelings. It often leads to constant negative thinking and sometimes substance abuse. People who experience major depression feel persistently sad. They do not take pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable. Other physical and mental problems often experienced include sleep problems, loss of appetite, inability to concentrate, memory problems, and aches and pains. People who suffer from this condition often feel worthless, helpless, and hopeless about their ability to fix things. People with depression may be reluctant to seek help because they feel that it is a sign of personal weakness or a character flaw or that they should be able to “pull out of it” on their own.
Major depression can profoundly alter social, family, and occupational functioning. However, suicide is the most serious complication of major depression, resulting when the patient’s feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and hopelessness.
The first step to getting appropriate treatments for clinical depression is a physical examination by a physician. If a physical cause for the clinical depression is ruled out, a psychological evaluation should be done by referral to a psychologist. Clinical depression can come in different forms. It may start suddenly or build up over a period of weeks, months, or years. People of all ages, genders, ethnicities, cultures, and religions can suffer from clinical depression. Medical research has found that people who suffer from clinical depression have changes in important brain chemicals, such as serotonin and norepinephrine. New medications are available that restore these brain chemicals to their proper balance and relieve symptoms of clinical depression.
A person who has clinical depression can have his whole life snatched from his very eyes just because he feels so lonely and depressed. It can even affect the way he thinks and act, and even the way he interacts with his family and friends.
There are several possible causes of depression like low self worth, death, pressure, changes in the social or personal life of a person and a lot of other possible cases. However, the exact cause of clinical depression could not be ascertained.
Clinical depression is a pervasive illness because it can strike anyone no matter what his age, nationality, sex, or family background. More than twenty American adults have to bear clinical depression and the number is increasing.
The symptoms of clinical depression can be similar to the manifestations of ordinary depression like very low self esteem, decreasing interest in people, hobbies and life in general, a negative attitude in all respects and other manifestations that boil down to a marked change in the attitude of a person. The worst manifestation of clinical depression though is suicidal tendencies.
The fast paced life that everyone is living may have influenced the rise in the number of people with clinical depression. While this illness could not be predicted, it can be treated and so a person who is already exhibiting the symptoms of clinical depression should be encouraged to se an expert who will be able to help him with his illness.
Causes of Clinical depression
The common causes and risk factor’s of Clinical depression:
- Complex interactions between brain chemicals and hormones.
- Alcohol or illegal drugs.
- A person’s family history of illness.
- Long-term or serious illnesses such as diabetes, cancer and arthritis.
- Genetics or stress.
- Relationship problems.
Symptoms of Clinical depression
Some sign and symptom related to Clinical depression are as follows:
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping.
- Fatigue or loss of energy.
- Inability to experience pleasure.
- Thoughts of suicide.
- Difficulty concentrating during the day.
- Exhaustion on waking.
- Shortness of temper, or irritability.
Treatment of Clinical depression
- Depression is usually treated successfully with professional counseling, antidepressant medication, or a combination of the two.
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), may be used when chemical treatment fails.
- People with depression usually can be treated as outpatients, but in severe cases a period of hospitalization may be necessary.
- Treatment may include supportive therapy, such as changes in lifestyle and behavior, psychotherapy, and complementary therapies, but it will almost always include medication.