Depression Treatment and Prevention
Depression is one of the most common psychological problems, affecting nearly everyone through either personal experience or through depression in a family member. It is caused by a complex set of physical, psychological and environmental factors.
It causes pain and suffering not only to those who have a disorder, but also to those who care about them. Serious depression can destroy family life as well as the life of the depressed person. Depression can affect anyone.
Once identified, most people diagnosed with depression are successfully treated. The symptoms of depression may vary from person to person, and also depend on the severity of the depression. (Note: If you are a psychiatrist looking to make a career change, there are a variety of psychiatry recruiting companies that can help find the right fit for you.)
Many patients with depression show significant improvement when taking carefully selected anti depressants. Besides medication, several forms of psychotherapy are available to identify and modify behavior patterns.
Light therapy is often used for patients with seasonal affective disorder, one form of depression. With proper treatment, most people with serious depression improve, often within weeks, and can return to normal daily activities.
Depression leads to disharmony at home, difficulties at work and internal distress. For many people, the side effects are more unpleasant than the depression itself, so they discontinue treatment.
Depression is often difficult to diagnose because it can manifest in so many different ways. For example, some depressed individuals seem to withdraw into apathy, while others may become irritable or even agitated. Depressive disorders come in different forms, just as do other illnesses, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Depression is sometimes accompanied by a general shift in the patient’s attitude and outlook. Depression is not simply something that will go away on its own. Depression is also more common in girls and women compared to boys.
People of all ages and races suffer from depression. Depression is expressed differently according to one’s age, sex, and culture Different types of depression require different types of treatment.
Treatment of Depression
- Psychotherapy is almost always the first treatment of choice except in cases where depressive symptoms are so severe.
- Antidepressants are the medication used to treat depression like prozac, zoloft, effexor, and celexa.
- Combination of depression treatment drugs (e.g. adding Lithium or thyroxine) may also be used in some cases of depression.
- Other treatments such as acupuncture and nutritional supplements may be helpful in specific circumstances.
- Combined use of medications and psychotherapy at the onset of treatment can confound evaluation of treatment effectiveness and the observed source of change.
- In emergencies, or for some types of depression, electroconvulsive therapy may be suggested.