Depression Sign and Symptoms
Depression is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individual’s social functioning and/or activities of daily living. Depression is a medical disorder with a biological and chemical basis.
The exact cause of depression isn’t clear. No one is sure why some people get depressed and others don’t. Sometimes depression seems to happen because of a stressful event. Depression symptoms are characterized not only by negative thoughts, moods, and behaviors, but also by specific changes in bodily functions.
Certain people with depressive disorder, especially bipolar depression, seem to have an inherited vulnerability to this condition. People of all ages and races suffer from depression. Depression is expressed differently according to one’s age, sex, and culture. Medications are available that are generally safe and effective, even for the most severe depression.
Depression affects people differently. Some feel down for extended periods of time; for others the feelings of depression come and go. The risk of depression may also be heightened during the transition to menopause, a stage called perimenopause, when hormone levels fluctuate erratically.
Men and women from families with depression are both at greater risk than those who come from families with no depression. Depression can also develop due to a physical illness, a reaction to a medication that you are taking, or as an outcome of substance abuse. Obesity and eating disorders are often associated with depression. Alcohol, for instance, is oftentimes used as an escape from depression, but in actuality, alcohol can lead to vitamin deficiencies which can contribute to depression. Depression may run in families due to genetic factors.
Symptoms of depression
Some sign and symptoms related to depression are as follows:
- Difficult to think clearly.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness.
- Feeling hopeless, sad, discouraged, or empty.
- Muscle aches and joint pain.
- Digestive problems.
- Change in appetite or weight.
- Suicide attempts.