Depression is often used in everyday language to mean straightforward and understandable unhappiness. It affects the way one eats and sleeps. It is not a sign of personal weakness or a condition one can will or wish away.
People with a depressive illness cannot merely “pull themselves together” and get better. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years.
The symptoms of depression are similar for both men and women, but they tend to be expressed differently. The most common symptoms of depression include low self-esteem; suicidal thoughts; loss of interest in usually pleasurable activities.
Depression in men often can be traced to cultural expectations. Men are supposed to be successful. They should restrain their emotions. They must be in control. The most common problem associated with male menopause is depression which is closely related to impotence and problems with male sexuality.
Depression symptoms in men and women can be radically different, leading to lack of understanding and correct diagnosis. Men are more likely than women to recognise and describe the physical symptoms of depression, such as feeling tired or losing weight.
They may also acknowledge feeling irritable or angry, rather than saying they feel low. Depression is not something to be ashamed of. Men need to understand that telling loved ones or healthcare professionals about symptoms of depression is not a sign of personal weakness or a character flaw. Different types of depression require different types of treatment. This may include physical exercise for preventing and treating mild depression, through to psychological treatments and/or drug treatments for moderate or severe depression.
How is depression diagnosed in men?
- Loss of interest in work or hobbies.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Restlessness and agitation.
- Blames others.
- Becomes over status-conscious.
- Sleeps too little.
- Over use of internet.
Treatment of depression in men
- Cease use of depressant drugs (alcohol, steroids ).
- Antidepressants are the medication used to treat depression like Prozac, Zoloft, Effexor, and Celexa.
- Combination depression treatment drugs (e.g. adding Lithium or thyroxine).
- In emergencies, or for some types of depression, electroconvulsive therapy may be suggested.